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Seroflo inhaler is used for long-term prevention and treatment of asthma and chronic lung diseases. An effective remedy for controlling asthma.

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Special inhalers for Asthma


Diseases of the respiratory tract belong to the category of those annoying diseases that can regularly bother most people with unpleasant symptoms. At the same time, the rhythm of modern life often does not allow visiting clinics and undergoing long courses of treatment. Therefore, the question becomes more urgent than ever: how to quickly and comfortably get rid of respiratory diseases and prevent their occurrence?

Today, according to the application of doctors and patient reviews, the most effective method of dealing with acute respiratory and chronic diseases is inhalation therapy. Inhalation is a time-tested, the simplest and most reliable treatment that can be performed at home. Only now you do not need to spend hours breathing steam from potatoes or herbs. To achieve the maximum effect, special inhalers have been developed today that can successfully treat even chronic diseases such as asthma, allergies, cystic fibrosis and other diseases of the respiratory system.

This is far from the full range of possibilities of inhalers: their help is invaluable in the treatment of acute respiratory diseases, laryngitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, fungal lesions of the upper respiratory tract, immune system, occupational diseases.

Inhalers are also widely used when you need to moisten the mucous membranes of the nose and throats in dry air conditions. The effectiveness of the inhalation procedure proves that the presence of an inhaler at home increases the chances of being healthy at any time of the year. This is especially true for families in which there are children, often ill with colds, or adults with chronic bronchopulmonary diseases.

Inhalers and nebulizers

The other day, the articles raised questions about the difference in devices, the use of inhalers, nebulizers and other drug delivery systems directly into the respiratory system. Many people would like to buy inhalers or nebulizers for themselves or their children, but they do not know what the difference is, how fundamentally they are different and how to use them properly at home. Let's look at step by step and detail what the difference is in the devices, how they are treated, when they are suitable and not suitable.

What is the beauty of inhalation?

Inhalation systems or devices are a simple, affordable and relatively easy way to deliver drugs to the area of the respiratory system in various acute and chronic respiratory diseases, allergic, asthmatic and other problems. At the same time, local and directed drug administration has a much faster effect, relieves spasms, inflammation, and makes breathing easier. At the same time, there are no painful injections, droppers, and fear, especially in children, which means that the treatment becomes easier and more pleasant. The method can be applied in all age groups - from infants to very old people, everything just depends on the choice of the device and the concentrations of the drug solutions. The patients themselves are very pleased with the devices, as they are convenient, you can be treated at home and not spend a lot of manpower and money.

Inhalation therapy - the benefits

Doctors not less than the patients themselves love inhalation therapy, as it has a number of significant advantages in comparison with conventional traditional methods of treatment. First of all, during inhalations, it is possible to significantly reduce the concentration of drugs in comparison with conventional methods, which is very important for potent drugs, for example, hormonal drugs. Inhalations are carried out purposefully, namely in the problem area, are absorbed better and allow you to recover faster. In addition, the devices allow to treat all children, adults, only the drug is dosed and solutions are selected, there are almost no restrictions on the use. In addition, with inhalations, the risk of side effects is significantly lower than with the usual treatment method.

The main advantage of the inhaler is that it delivers the medicine to the respiratory tract in the form of an aerosol. To convert the drug into an aerosol, the inhaler is equipped with a nebulizer - a chamber, where the medicinal solution takes the form of an aerosol and easily penetrates inside.

The main advantages of inhalers

Inhalers have a number of undeniable advantages to effectively treat and prevent respiratory diseases:

Inhalers are suitable for patients of all ages, since the device does not require any respiratory tension or performance of any actions from the patient.

When using the inhaler, the patient does not need to take a strong breath, which is quite difficult with asthma or in old age.

Through the inhaler, the medication enters the patient’s airway in minimal doses sufficient for effective exposure, which eliminates side effects and overdose.

With the help of an inhaler, the medicine is supplied continuously and quickly, significantly increasing the effectiveness of therapy.Inhalers are absolutely safe, modern and convenient medical devices that allow to treat bronchopulmonary diseases at any age.

What diseases does an inhaler need?First of all, the inhaler is able to provide emergency assistance to people suffering from asthma and allergies, since the drug in an atomized form has an almost instantaneous effect. It is also difficult to manage without an inhaler in chronic diseases such as rhinitis, bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, etc.

Types of inhalers

Today, there are four types of inhalers on the pharmaceutical and medical markets. These include steam models, compressor, ultrasound and electron-mesh (or mesh inhalers). It is difficult to understand them even a professional who works with inhalation therapy, let alone parents. Let's discuss with you at least the main types, their charms and drawbacks.

Steam Inhalers

The progenitor of these inhalers was the famous potato in a saucepan and its steam, which needed to be breathed, or thick paper rolled up in a teapot. There were other original and not very safe methods of inhalation. The steam could burn, and only the older children could sit quietly over the pan.

Therefore, manufacturers have thought how to modernize and facilitate the process of steam inhalation. Originally appeared inhalers in the form of a plastic mask with nozzles for nose and mouth. Now the models have improved, but the principle of operation remains unchanged. This evaporation gradually boiling water with the drug dissolved in it, while the particles of water and medicine are rather large and do not penetrate far. In addition, the steam is hot enough, although modern models regulate its temperature. Basically, such inhalations are used for the nasopharynx, the deeper they go badly. In addition, they can only use substances that evaporate at a temperature below the boiling point of water.

There are also disadvantages:

- steam inhalation due to heat exposure is prohibited in febrile children, with increasing temperature

- not all drugs can withstand heat, many lose some of the activity, in addition, the concentration of drugs created is very low, therefore, herbs and essential oils are used mainly in the steam inhaler.

- besides, it is not very pleasant to breathe hot steam and children do not like such procedures very much, there is always a risk of burning delicate mucous membranes.

What solutions are applicable?

Soda solutions are usually used for steam inhalations, they are prepared for one cup of water by adding a teaspoon of soda. It is possible to replace such solutions with mineral alkaline water. It is possible to prepare a solution of propolis, medicinal herbs or essential oils, but such solutions can be used not earlier than three years, and only if the children are not allergic.

You can use pine needles, brewed boiled water and filtered, fir, cedar oils, juniper, eucalyptus. As well as decoctions (or oils) of birch, oak, lime blossom, chamomile, mint, lavender, sage.

If oils are used, apply 1 drop to a glass of water of eucalyptus, rosemary, fir, or aniseed, romazulan, peppermint oil. It is fashionable to add half a spoon of sea buckthorn, olive or peach oil. Sometimes an asterisk is also inhaled with a balm - then a balm at the tip of the match, about 1 mm, is necessary.

Steam inhalations for quinsy, fevers, nosebleeds and problems with the heart and lungs are prohibited.

The use of nebulizers

A nebulizer, this device was called because it creates a cloud of fog, and the fog in Latin is called a nebula. The first models were created in the late 19th century, but today they are, of course, very advanced. Today, there are three types of nebulizers: compressor, ultrasonic and electron-mesh.

Compressor models convert a liquid with a drug dissolved in it into a fine aerosol using compressed air from the compressor to the inhaler chamber. With the help of a compressor, cold steam is obtained that will not burn and is very pleasant to breathe, so many types of medications can be sprayed, including even antimicrobial medicines. However, these devices are quite large, have a solid weight and can make quite a lot of noise when working.

Ultrasonic inhalers convert the liquid into an aerosol as a result of the vibration of a metal plate, which is acted upon by sound waves. In this case, the particles are formed very small, they are able to penetrate even into the terminal bronchi and alveoli, which is important for inflammation in the deep respiratory system. They usually do not make much noise, are lightweight, compact in size and can be taken everywhere with you. Many models have additional masks, nozzles, which makes it possible to carry out inhalation even for bed patients. They can be used for aromatherapy or air humidification, but many drugs can be destroyed due to ultrasound, so the range of medicinal effects is severely limited.

Electronic inhalers are incredibly expensive, but they do not destroy drugs and are not noisy, compact and convenient, combine ultrasonic and compressor inhalers in themselves. They can be sprayed drugs for action on sputum, antibiotics and hormones. The spraying speed is high and the particles are very small.

Which one to choose will depend on your finances and what they are planned to apply for. If it is frequent colds and laryngitis, you can purchase a compressor, if it is asthmatic, you may need an electronic one.

Indications for nebulizer therapy.

Nebulizers are widely used today in the treatment of orvi, laryngitis and tracheitis, bronchitis of both simple and obstructive, pneumonia and attacks of asthma. In addition, inhalations help with the common cold and sore throat, they are especially useful for dry, debilitating cough, with difficult sputum.

In the nebulizer, you can create small particles that aspirate into the bronchi and act there directly on the mucous membrane and surrounding tissue. Typically, a preparation with a raster is placed in the capacity of an inhaler or a special balloon, the nebulizer is inserted into the network and sprayed, inhaling it through a mask. You can carry out procedures of various durations, several times a day, alternate the solutions of drugs, or just breathe with a physiological solution to alleviate cough.

Nebulizers are not allowed

There is a group of drugs that are not applicable in nebulizer therapy - these are solutions with an oil content, since they dissolve very slowly in the bronchi and are poorly removed from there. In addition, it is not recommended to use suspensions or solutions, inside which there are suspended particles. These include decoctions of herbs and their tinctures, especially homemade. Solutions of aminophylline, platifillin, dimedrol and other antihistamines are not added to the nebulizers, since there are no receptors for them inside the bronchi and they are inhalation useless.

Preparation of solutions requires special conditions, they must be prepared in a physiological solution sterile from a pharmacy, you can not use boiled and tap water. The solution is prepared immediately before use and residues are not stored. It is acceptable to use a nebulizer with mineral water as recommended by a doctor, but the gas is first released from it.

Aerosol inhaler

An aerosol inhaler (metered-dose aerosol for inhalation) is a multi-dose inhaler in the form of a balloon that contains a suspension of drugs mixed with additional substances and a propellant gas. The English name of the inhaler is pressurized metered dose inhaler (inhaler with measured doses under pressure), and therefore the abbreviation pMDI or MDI is used. The propellant gas turns a suspension of drugs into an aerosol that can be inhaled. Each time you press, a single dose of medication comes out of the inhaler. The drug is in a balloon under pressure and is discharged at a speed of 30-50 m / s, therefore inhalation is technically complicated and needs precise timing of inhalation. Due to high speed, most of the medication remains in the mouth and throat and is swallowed. Therefore, it is not advisable to inhale aerosols directly, but to use the reservoir as an aid. Aerosol, taken with the help of the reservoir, to a greater extent into the lungs. The aerosol inhaler can also be used without a reservoir for quick-acting aid in the inhalation of high-speed bronchial relaxants. NB! When ingesting steroid aerosols, a reservoir should always be used. With direct inhalation, the majority of the drug remains in the mouth, and this reduces the effect of the drug and increases the risk of side effects, and most of the medicine simply disappears. A reservoir aerosol inhaler is usually used for ore children and children who still cannot cope with the inhalation of powdered drugs.

Aerosol inhalation will play a very important role if the treatment prescribed to a patient with bronchial asthma is an aerosol as a daily remedy in the fight and not an irreplaceable medication!

When we talk about bronchial asthma or obstructive bronchitis, the most effective medications to date are prescribed by a doctor inhalation. They have a local (topical) effect and have a minimal effect on the entire organism as a whole (minimal systemic effect). That is why the main importance is the provision of direct access of the medicinal substance to the place of its action, i.e. in the bronchi.

What does that require? First, only particles ranging in size from 2 to 5 microns can get into the bronchi (this is nothing but the respirable fraction). Larger particles do not reach the lower respiratory tract, and are deposited in the pharynx, larynx and trachea, and smaller ones - in the alveoli, or do not linger at all in the lungs.

Secondly, a patient with asthma should take a fairly strong and deep breath.

And, thirdly, the output of the medicine and breath should be the same.

What is inhalation without a spacer? To date, the most common and available inhaled drugs are metered-dose aerosol inhalers. But there are significant difficulties that arise in their application. The aerosol jet, which comes out when you press the balloon, has an initial speed of more than 100 km / h, and the inhalation speed is much less. Moreover, the outgoing jet consists of particles of different sizes, both larger and smaller. These factors lead to the fact that most of the dose of the drug is deposited on the back of the pharynx and swallowed. In this regard, coordination of the inhalation and pressing on the balloon is required, which in itself is difficult, and in some patients the inhalation is reflexively interrupted.

What is the task of the inhaler? Unfortunately, as I show the results of research, only 20-40% of patients use the dosed inhaler correctly (even “with experience”). It is the aerosol inhaler that is needed in order to eliminate all the problems and difficulties encountered in the process of inhalation. It inhibits the speed of movement of the aerosol cloud, large particles are deposited on the walls. Coordination of inspiration and pressing is not required.

Moreover, if the spacer is used in conjunction with a mask, it allows inhalation in almost any situation where breathing is maintained, for example, in a severe asthma attack. Its use is simply indispensable for young children, whose age does not allow the use of an inhaler directly. In addition, the inhaler is very convenient to carry.

Important! If we are talking about hormonal inhalation drugs, the use of metered-dose aerosol inhalers can be associated with serious complications. In that case, if a significant portion of the drug dose is deposited on the back of the pharynx and in the upper respiratory tract, there is a greater likelihood of hoarseness and candidiasis ("thrush") of the oral cavity, and can also cause reflex cough. It is also important to know that the part of the drug that is deposited in the pharynx is subsequently swallowed and may cause a systemic effect (affect the entire body). The inhaler reduces the sedimentation of drugs in the pharynx and upper respiratory tract, thereby preventing the development of such complications.

All patients for whom inhaled hormone preparations are prescribed in the form of dosage aerosols.